実用新案

Utility Model Act

(昭和三十四年四月十三日法律第百二十三号) 改正: 平成十八年法律第五十五号

(Act No. 123 of April 13, 1959)

第一章 総

Chapter I General Provisions

(目的

(Purpose)

第一条 この法律は、物品の形状、構造又は組合せに係る考案の保護及び利用を図ることにより、その考案を奨励し、もつて産業の発達に寄与することを目的とする

Article 1 The purpose of this Act is to encourage devices by promoting the protection and the utilization of devices relating to the shape or structure of an article or combination of articles, and thereby to contribute to the development of industry.

(定義

(Definitions)

第二条 この法律で「考案」とは、自然法則を利用した技術的思想の創作をいう

Article 2 (1) "Device" in this Act means the creation of technical ideas utilizing the laws of nature.

2 この法律で「登録実用新案」とは、実用新案登録を受けている考案をいう

(2) "Registered utility model" in this Act means a device for which a utility model registration has been granted.

3 この法律で考案について「実施」とは、考案に係る物品を製造し、使用し、譲渡し、貸し渡し、輸出し、若しくは輸入し、又はその譲渡若しくは貸渡しの申出(譲渡又は貸渡しのための展示を含む。以下同じ。)をする行為をいう

(3) "Working" of a device in this Act means making, using, assigning, leasing, exporting, importing or offering for assignment or lease (including displaying for the purpose of assignment or lease, the same shall apply hereinafter) an article which embodies the device.

(手続の補正

(Amendment procedures)

第二条の二 実用新案登録出願、請求その他実用新案登録に関する手続(以下単に「続」という。)をした者は、事件が特許庁に係属している場合に限り、その補正をすることができる。ただし、実用新案登録出願の日から政令で定める期間を経過した後は、願書に添付した明細書、実用新案登録請求の範囲、図面又は要約書について補正をすることができない

Article 22 (1) A person undertaking procedures relating to a utility model registration (hereinafter simply referred to as "procedures") including filing an application for a utility model registration and a request before the Patent Office may make amendments only while the case is pending; provided, however, that the person may not amend the description, scope of claims, drawing(s) or the abstract attached to the application, after the expiration of the time limit prescribed by the Cabinet Order from the filing date of the application for a utility model registration.

2 前項本文の規定により明細書、実用新案登録請求の範囲又は図面について補正をするときは、願書に最初に添付した明細書、実用新案登録請求の範囲又は図面に記載した事項の範囲内においてしなければならない

(2) Any amendment of the description, scope of claims or drawings under the main clause of paragraph (1) shall be made within the scope of the matters described in the description, scope of claims or drawing(s) originally attached to the application.

3 第一項の規定にかかわらず、第十四条の二第一項の訂正に係る訂正書に添付した訂正した明細書、実用新案登録請求の範囲又は図面については、その補正をすることができない

(3) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), the corrected description, scope of claims,

drawing(s) or the abstract attached to the written request for correction under Article 142(1) may not be amended.

4 特許庁長官は、次に掲げる場合は、相当の期間を指定して、手続の補正をすべきことを命ずることができる

(4) The Commissioner of the Patent Office may order an amendment by the applicant, designating an adequate time limit, in the following cases:

一 手続が第二条の五第二項において準用する特許法(昭和三十四年法律第百二十一号)第七条第一項から第三項まで又は第九条の規定に違反しているとき

(i) where the procedure does not comply with the requirements of Articles 7 (1) to

(3) or Article 9 of the Patent Act (Act No. 121 of 1959) as applied mutatis mutandis pursuant to Article 25(2);

二 手続がこの法律又はこの法律に基づく命令で定める方式に違反しているとき

(ii) where the procedure does not comply with the formal requirements prescribed by this Act or an order thereunder;

三 手続について第三十二条第一項の規定により納付すべき登録料を納付しないとき

(iii) where the fees relating to the procedure payable under Article 32(1) have not been paid; and

四 手続について第五十四条第一項又は第二項の規定により納付すべき手数料を納付しないとき

(iv) where the fees relating to the procedure payable under Article 54(1) or (ii) have not been paid.

5 手続の補正(登録料及び手数料の納付を除く。)をするには、手続補正書を提出しなければならない

(5) Any amendment, except in the case of the payment of registration fee or other fees, shall be submitted in writing.

(手続の却下

(Dismissal of procedures)

第二条の三 特許庁長官は、前条第四項、第六条の二又は第十四条の三の規定により手続の補正をすべきことを命じた者がこれらの規定により指定した期間内にその補正をしないときは、その手続を却下することができる

Article 23 The Commissioner of the Patent Office may dismiss the procedures

where a person ordered to make an amendment under Article 22(4), 62 or 143 fails to make such amendment within the designated time limit under the said provisions.

(法人でない社団等の手続をする能力

(Capacity of associations, etc. which are not juridical persons to undertake procedures)

第二条の四 法人でない社団又は財団であつて、代表者又は管理人の定めがあるものは、その名において次に掲げる手続をすることができる

Article 24 (1) An association or foundation which is not a juridical person but for which a representative or an administrator has been designated may, in its name:

一 第十二条第一項に規定する実用新案技術評価の請求をすること

(i) file a request for Utility Model Technical Opinion under Article 12(1);

二 審判を請求すること

(ii) file a request for a trial; and

三 審判の確定審決に対する再審を請求すること

(iii) file a request for a retrial against a final and binding decision in a trial.

2 法人でない社団又は財団であつて、代表者又は管理人の定めがあるものは、その名において審判の確定審決に対する再審を請求されることができる

(2) An association or foundation which is not a juridical person but for which a representative or an administrator has been designated may be named as a claimant in a request filed for a retrial against a final and binding decision in a

trial.

(特許法の準用

(Mutatis mutandis application of Patent Act)

第二条の五 特許法第三条及び第五条の規定は、この法律に規定する期間及び期日に準用する

Article 25 (1) Articles 3 and 5 of the Patent Act shall apply mutatis mutandis to periods and dates provided for in this Act.

2 特許法第七条から第九条まで、第十一条から第十六条まで及び第十八条の二から第二十四条までの規定は、手続に準用する

(2) Articles 7 to 9, 11 to 16 and 182 to 24 of the Patent Act shall apply mutatis mutandis to procedures.

3 特許法第二十五条の規定は、実用新案権その他実用新案登録に関する権利に準用する

(3) Article 25 of the Patent Act shall apply mutatis mutandis to utility model rights and other rights relating to utility model registrations.

4 特許法第二十六条の規定は、実用新案登録に準用する

(4) Article 26 of the Patent Act shall apply mutatis mutandis to utility model registrations.

第二章 実用新案登録及び実用新案登録出

Chapter II Utility Model Registration and Applications for a Utility

Model Registration

(実用新案登録の要件

(Conditions for Utility Model Registration)

第三条 産業上利用することができる考案であつて物品の形状、構造又は組合せに係るものをした者は、次に掲げる考案を除き、その考案について実用新案登録を受けることができる

Article 3 (1) A creator of a device that relates to the shape or structure of an article or combination of articles and is industrially applicable may be entitled to obtain a utility model registration for said device, except when the following applies:

一 実用新案登録出願前に日本国内又は外国において公然知られた考

(i) the device was publicly known in Japan or a foreign country, prior to the filing of the application for a utility model registration therefor;

二 実用新案登録出願前に日本国内又は外国において公然実施をされた考

(ii) the device was publicly worked in Japan or a foreign country, prior to the filing of the application for a utility model registration therefor; or

三 実用新案登録出願前に日本国内又は外国において、頒布された刊行物に記載された考案又は電気通信回線を通じて公衆に利用可能となつた考

(iii) the device was described in a distributed publication, or a device that was made publicly available through an electric telecommunication line in Japan or a foreign country, prior to the filing of the application for a utility model registration therefor.

2 実用新案登録出願前にその考案の属する技術の分野における通常の知識を有する者が前項各号に掲げる考案に基いてきわめて容易に考案をすることができたときは、その考案については、同項の規定にかかわらず、実用新案登録を受けることができない

(2) Where, prior to the filing of the application for a utility model registration, a person ordinarily skilled in the art of the device would have been exceedingly easy to create the device based on a device prescribed in any of the items of the

preceding paragraph, a utility model registration shall not be granted for such a device notwithstanding the preceding paragraph.

第三条の二 実用新案登録出願に係る考案が当該実用新案登録出願の日前の他の実用新案登録出願又は特許出願であつて当該実用新案登録出願後に第十四条第三項の規定により同項各号に掲げる事項を掲載した実用新案公報(以下「実用新案掲載公報」という。)の発行又は特許法第六十六条第三項の規定により同項各号に掲げる事項を掲載した特許公報の発行若しくは出願公開がされたものの願書に最初に添付した明細書、実用新案登録請求の範囲若しくは特許請求の範囲又は図面(同法第三十六条の二第二項の外国書面出願にあつては、同条第一項の外国書面)に記載された考案又は発明(その考案又は発明をした者が当該実用新案登録出願に係る考案の考案者と同一の者である場合におけるその考案又は発明を除く。)と同一であるときは、その考案については、前条第一項の規定にかかわらず、実用新案登録を受けることができない。ただし、当該実用新案登録出願のにその出願人と当該他の実用新案登録出願又は特許出願の出願人とが同一の者であるときは、この限りでない

Article 32 Where a device claimed in an application for a utility model registration is identical with a device or invention (excluding a device created or an invention made by the creator of the device claimed in the said application for a utility model registration) disclosed in the description, scope of claims or drawings (in

the case of the written application in foreign language under Article 362(2) of the

Patent Act, the document in foreign language as provided in Article 362(1)) originally attached to the written application of another application for a utility model registration or for a patent which has been filed prior to the date of filing of

the said application for a utility model registration and published after the filing of the said application for a utility model registration in the utility model bulletin under Article 14(3) (hereinafter the "Utility Model Bulletin") or in the patent bulletin under Article 66(3) of the Patent Act describing matters provided for in each of the paragraphs of the respective Article or for which the publication of the patent application has been effected, a utility model registration shall not be granted for such a device notwithstanding paragraph (1) of the preceding Article; provided, however, that this shall not apply where, at the time of the filing of the

said application for a utility model registration, the applicant of the said application and the applicant of the other application for a utility model registration or for a patent are the same person.

(実用新案登録を受けることができない考案

(Unregistrable devices)

第四条 公の秩序善良風俗又は公衆の衛生するおそれがある考案については、第三条第一項の規定にかかわらず、実用新案登録を受けることができない

Article 4 Notwithstanding Article 3(1), any device that is liable to injure public order, morality or public health shall not be granted a utility model registration.

(実用新案登録出願

(Applications for a utility model registration)

第五条 実用新案登録を受けようとする者は、次に掲げる事項を記載した願書を特許庁長官に提出しなければならない

Article 5 (1) A person requesting the grant of a utility model registration shall submit an application to the Commissioner of the Patent Office stating the following:

一 実用新案登録出願人の名又は名及び住所又は

(i) the name and domicile or residence of the applicant(s) for utility model registration; and

二 考案者の名及び住所又は

(ii) the name and domicile or residence of the creator(s) of the device.

2 願書には、明細書、実用新案登録請求の範囲、図面及び要約書を添付しなければならない

(2) The description, scope of claims, drawing(s) and abstract shall be attached to the application.

3 前項の明細書には、次に掲げる事項を記載しなければならない

(3) The description as provided in the preceding paragraph shall state the following:

一 考案の名

(i) the title of the device;

二 図面の単な

(ii) a brief explanation of the drawing(s) ; and

三 考案の細な

(iii) a detailed explanation of the device.

4 前項第三号の考案の細な明は、経産業令で定めるとこにより、その考案の属する技術の分野における通常の知識を有する者がその実施をすることができる程度に明確かつ十分に、記載しなければならない

(4) The detailed explanation of the device as provided in item (iii) of the preceding paragraph shall be stated clearly and sufficiently so as to enable a person

ordinarily skilled in the art to which the device pertains to work the device, in accordance with the relevant Ordinance of the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry,.

5 第二項の実用新案登録請求の範囲には、請求項に分して、各請求項とに実用新案登録出願人が実用新案登録を受けようとする考案を特定するために要とめる事項のすべてを記載しなければならない。この場合において、一の請求項に係る考案と他の請求項に係る考案とが同一である記載となることをげない

(5) The scope of claims as provided in paragraph (2) shall state a claim or claims and state for each claim all matters necessary to specify the device for which the applicant requests the grant of a utility model registration. In such case, a device

specified by a statement in one claim may be the same device specified by a statement in another claim.

 第二項の実用新案登録請求の範囲の記載は、次の各号に合するものでなければならない

(6) The statement of the scope of claims as provided in paragraph (2) shall comply with each of the following items:

一 実用新案登録を受けようとする考案が考案の細な明に記載したものであること

(i) the device for which a utility model registration is sought is stated in the detailed explanation of the device;

二 実用新案登録を受けようとする考案が明確であること

(ii) the device for which a utility model is sought is clear;

三 請求項との記載が簡潔であること

(iii) the statement for each claim is concise; and

四 その他経産業令で定めるとこにより記載されていること

(iv) the statement is composed in accordance with the relevant Ordinance of the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry.

 第二項の要約書には、明細書、実用新案登録請求の範囲又は図面に記載した考案の要その他経産業令で定める事項を記載しなければならない

(7) The abstract as provided in paragraph (2) shall state a summary of the device disclosed in the description, scope of claims or drawing(s), and any other matters as provided by the relevant Ordinance of the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry.

第六条 二以上の考案については、経産業令で定める技術的関係を有することにより考案の単一の要件をたす一の考案に該当するときは、一の願書で実用新案登録出願をすることができる

Article 6 Two or more devices may be the subject of a single application for a utility model registration in the same application provided that these devices are of a group of devices recognized as fulfilling the requirements of unity of device based on their technical relationship designated in the relevant Ordinance of the

Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry.

(補正命令

(Order to amend)

第六条の二 特許庁長官は、実用新案登録出願が次の各号の一に該当するときは、相当の期間を指定して、願書に添付した明細書、実用新案登録請求の範囲又は図面について補正をすべきことを命ずることができる

Article 62 The Commissioner of the Patent Office may order the applicant to amend the description, scope of claims or drawing(s) attached to the application, designating an adequate time limit, in any of the following items:

一 その実用新案登録出願に係る考案が物品の形状、構造又は組合せに係るものでないとき

(i) where the device claimed in the application for a utility model registration does not pertain to the shape or structure of an article or combination of articles;

二 その実用新案登録出願に係る考案が第四条の規定により実用新案登録をすることができないものであるとき

(ii) where the device claimed in the application for a utility model registration is not registrable under Article 4;

三 その実用新案登録出願が第五条第六項第四号又は前条に規定する要件をたしていないとき

(iii) where the application for a utility model registration does not satisfy the requirement prescribed in Article 5(6)(iv) or in the preceding Article; or

四 その実用新案登録出願の願書に添付した明細書、実用新案登録請求の範囲若しくは図面に要な事項が記載されておらず、又はその記載がしく明確であるとき

(iv) where the description, scope of claims or drawing(s) attached to the application does not state all of the necessary matters or is extremely unclear.

(Prior application)

第七条 同一の考案についてなつた日に二以上の実用新案登録出願があつたときは、最の実用新案登録出願人のがその考案について実用新案登録を受けることができる

Article 7 (1) Where two or more applications for a utility model registration claiming identical devices have been filed on different dates, only the applicant who filed the application on the earliest date shall be entitled to obtain a utility model registration for the device claimed.

2 同一の考案について同日に二以上の実用新案登録出願があつたときは、いずれも、その考案について実用新案登録を受けることができない

(2) Where two or more applications for a utility model registration claiming identical devices have been filed on the same date, none of the applicants shall be entitled to obtain a utility model registration for the device claimed.

3 実用新案登録出願に係る考案と特許出願に係る発明とが同一である場合において、その実用新案登録出願及び特許出願がなつた日にされたものであるときは、実用新案登録出願人は、特許出願人よりに出願をした場合にのその考案について実用新案登録を受けることができる

(3) Where a device and an invention claimed in applications for a utility model registration and for a patent are identical and the applications for a utility model registration and for a patent are filed on different dates, the applicant for a utility model registration may obtain a utility model registration for the device claimed therein, only if the application for a utility model registration is filed prior to the application for a patent.

4 実用新案登録出願又は特許出願が放棄され、り下げられ、又は却下されたときは、その実用新案登録出願又は特許出願は、前三項の規定の用については、初めからなかつたものとなす

(4) Where an application for a utility model registration or a patent has been waived, withdrawn or dismissed, the application for a utility model registration or a patent shall, for the purpose of paragraphs (1) to (4), be deemed never to

have been filed.

5 特許出願について拒絶をすべき定又は審決が確定したときは、その特許出願は、第三項の規定の用については、初めからなかつたものとなす。ただし、その特許出願について特許法第三十九条第二項後の規定に該当することにより拒絶をすべき定又は審決が確定したときは、この限りでない

(5) Where the examiner's decision or trial decision to the effect that a patent

application is to be refused has become final and binding, the patent application shall, for the purpose of paragraph (3), be deemed never to have been filed; provided, however, that this shall not apply to the case where the examiner's

decision or trial decision to the effect that the patent application is to be refused has become final and binding on the basis that the latter sentence of Article 39(2) of the Patent Act is applicable to the said patent application.

 考案者又は発明者でない者であつて実用新案登録を受ける権利又は特許を受ける権利を承継しないものがした実用新案登録出願又は特許出願は、第一項から第三項までの規定の用については、実用新案登録出願又は特許出願でないものとなす

(6) An application for a utility model registration or a patent filed by a person who is neither the creator nor inventor nor the successor in title to the right to obtain a utility model registration or a patent shall, for the purpose of application of paragraphs (1) to (3), be deemed to be neither an application for a utility model registration nor a patent application.

 特許法第三十九条第四項の協議成立せず、又は協議をすることができないときは

実用新案登録出願人は、その考案について実用新案登録を受けることができない

(7) Where no agreement is reached by consultations made under Article 39(4) of the

Patent Act or such consultations are unable to be held, the applicant for a utility model registration shall not be entitled to obtain a utility model registration for the device claimed.

(実用新案登録出願等に基づく優先主張

(Priority claim based on an application for a utility registration, etc.)

第八条 実用新案登録を受けようとする者は、次に掲げる場合を除き、その実用新案登録出願に係る考案について、その者が実用新案登録又は特許を受ける権利を有する実用新案登録出願又は特許出願であつてにされたもの(以下「の出願」という。)の願書に最初に添付した明細書、実用新案登録請求の範囲若しくは特許請求の範囲又は図面(の出願が特許法第三十六条の二第二項の外国書面出願である場合にあつては、同条第一項の外国書面)に記載された考案に基づいて優先権を主張することができる

Article 8 (1) A person requesting the grant of a utility model registration may make a priority claim for a device claimed in the application for a utility model registration, based on a device disclosed in the description or scope of claims for a

utility model registration or patent, or drawings (in the case where the earlier application was a written application in foreign language, the document in foreign language) originally attached to the application of an earlier application filed for a utility model registration or patent which the said person has the right to obtain (hereinafter an "Earlier Application"), except in the following cases:

一 その実用新案登録出願がの出願の日から一年以内にされたものでない場

(i) where the said application for a utility model registration is not filed within one year from the date of the filing of the Earlier Application;

二 の出願が第十一条第一項において準用する特許法第四十四条第一項の規定による実用新案登録出願の分に係る新たな実用新案登録出願若しくは第十条第一項若しくは第二項の規定による出願の変更に係る実用新案登録出願又は同法第四十四条第一項の規定による特許出願の分に係る新たな特許出願、同法第四十六条第一項若しくは第二項の規定による出願の変更に係る特許出願若しくは同法第四十六条の二第一項の規定による実用新案登録に基づく特許出願である場

(ii) where the Earlier Application is a new divisional application for a utility model registration extracted from an application for a utility model registration under Article 44(1) of the Patent Act as applied mutatis mutandis under Article 11(1), an application for a utility model registration converted from an application for a utility model registration under Article 10(1) or (2), or a new

divisional patent application extracted from a patent application under Article 44(1) of the Patent Act, a patent application converted from a patent application under Article 46(1) or 46(2) of the Patent Act or a patent application based on a utility model registration under Article 462(1) of the

Patent Act;

三 の出願が、その実用新案登録出願のに、放棄され、り下げられ、又は却下されている場

(iii) where at the time of filing said application for a utility model registration, the Earlier Application had been waived, withdrawn or dismissed;

四 の出願について、その実用新案登録出願のに、定又は審決が確定している場

(iv) where, at the time of filing said application for a utility model registration,

the examiner's decision or the trial decision on the earlier application had become final and binding; and

五 の出願について、その実用新案登録出願のに、第十四条第二項に規定する定の登録がされている場

(v) where, at the time of filing said application for a utility model registration, the registration establishing a utility model right under Article 14(2) with respect to the Earlier Application had been effected.

2 前項の規定による優先権の主張う実用新案登録出願に係る考案のう、当該優先権の主張の基とされたの出願の願書に最初に添付した明細書、実用新案登録請求の範囲若しくは特許請求の範囲又は図面(当該の出願が特許法第三十六条の二第二項の外国書面出願である場合にあつては、同条第一項の外国書面)に記載された考案(当該の出願が前項若しくは同法第四十一条第一項の規定による優先権の主張又は同法第四十三条第一項若しくは第四十三条の二第一項若しくは第二項(第十一条第一項において準用する場合を含む。)の規定による優先権の主張う出願である場合には、当該の出願についての優先権の主張の基とされた出願に係る出願のの書(明細書、実用新案登録請求の範囲若しくは特許請求の範囲又は図面に相当するものに限る。)に記載された考案を除く。)についての第三条、第三条の二本文、前条第一項から第三項まで、第十一条第一項において準用する同法第三十条第一項から第三項まで、第十七条、第二十六条において準用する同法第六十九条第二項第二号、同法第七十九条、同法第八十一条及び同法第八十二条第一項びに同法第三十九条第三項及び第四項びに第七十二条、意匠法(昭和三十四年法律第百二十五号)第二十六条、第三十一条第二項及び第三十二条第二項びに商標法(昭和三十四年法律第百二十七号)第二十九条びに第三十三条の二第三項及び第三十三条の三第三項(同法第六十八条第三項において準用する場合を含む。)の規定の用については、当該実用新案登録出願は、当該の出願のにされたものとなす

(2) Among devices claimed in an application for a utility model registration containing a priority claim under paragraph (1), for those that are disclosed in the description, scope of claims for a utility model registration or patent or drawings (in the case where the Earlier Application was a written application in foreign language prescribed in Article 362(2) of the Patent Act, the document in foreign language prescribed in paragraph (1) of the said Article) originally attached to the application of the Earlier Application on which the priority claim is based (in the case where the Earlier Application contains a priority claim under the preceding paragraph or Article 41(1) of the Patent Act, or Article 43(1)

or 432(1) or (2) of the Patent Act (including their mutatis mutandis application under Article 11(1) of this Act), excluding any device disclosed in any documents (limited to those equivalent to the description, scope of claims for a utility model registration or patent or drawings) submitted at the time of the filing of the application on which the priority claim in the Earlier Application is based), the

said application for a utility model registration shall be deemed to have been filed

at the time when the Earlier Application was filed, in the case of the application of Article 3, the main clause of Article 32, Article 7(1) to (3), Article 30(1) to (3) of the Patent Act as applied mutatis mutandis under Article 11(1), Article 17,

Articles 69(2)(ii), 72, 79, 81, 82(1) of the Patent Act as applied mutatis mutandis under Article 26, Articles 39(3) and (4) and 72 of the Patent Act, Articles 26, 31(2) and 32(2) of the Design Act (Act No. 125 of 1959), Article 29 of the Trademark Act

(Act No. 127 of 1959) and Articles 332(3) and 333(3) (including their mutatis mutandis application under Article 68(3) of the Trademark Act ) of the Trademark Act.

3 第一項の規定による優先権の主張う実用新案登録出願の願書に最初に添付した明細書、実用新案登録請求の範囲又は図面に記載された考案のう、当該優先権の主張の基とされたの出願の願書に最初に添付した明細書、実用新案登録請求の範囲若しくは特許請求の範囲又は図面(当該の出願が特許法第三十六条の二第二項の外国書面出願である場合にあつては、同条第一項の外国書面)に記載された考案(当該の出願が第一項若しくは同法第四十一条第一項の規定による優先権の主張又は同法第四十三条第一項若しくは第四十三条の二第一項若しくは第二項(第十一条第一項において準用する場合を含む。)の規定による優先権の主張う出願である場合には、当該の出願についての優先権の主張の基とされた出願に係る出願のの書(明細書、実用新案登録請求の範囲若しくは特許請求の範囲又は図面に相当するものに限る。)に記載された考案を除く。)については、当該実用新案登録出願について実用新案掲載公報の発行がされたに当該の出願について実用新案掲載公報の発行又は出願公開がされたものとなして、第三条の二本文又は同法第二十九条の二本文の規定を用する

(3) Among devices disclosed in the description, scope of claims or drawings originally attached to the application in an application for a utility model registration containing a priority claim under paragraph (1), for those that are disclosed in the description, scope of claims for a utility model registration or

patent or drawings (in the case where the Earlier Application was a written application in foreign language prescribed in Article 362(2) of the Patent Act, the document in foreign language prescribed in paragraph (1) of the said Article) originally attached to the application of the Earlier Application on which the

priority claim is based (in the case where the Earlier Application contains a priority claim under the preceding paragraph or Article 41(1) of the Patent Act, or Article 43(1) or 432(1) or (2) of the Patent Act (including their mutatis mutandis application under Article 11(1) of this Act), excluding any device disclosed in any

documents (limited to those equivalent to the description, scope of claims for a utility model registration or patent or drawings) submitted at the time of the filing of the application on which the priority claim in the Earlier Application is based), the Utility Model Bulletin pertaining to the Earlier Application or the laying open of the Earlier Application shall be deemed to have been issued or effected at the time when the Utility Model Bulletin pertaining to the said application for a utility model registration was issued, and the main clause of Article 32 of the Utility Model Act or Article 292of the Patent Act shall apply.

4 第一項の規定による優先権を主張しようとする者は、その及びの出願の表示を記載した書面を実用新案登録出願と同に特許庁長官に提出しなければならない

(4) A person requesting to make a priority claim under paragraph (1) shall submit to the Commissioner of the Patent Office a document stating thereof and the indication of the Earlier Application along with the application for a utility model registration.

の出願の下げ等

(Withdrawal, etc. of Earlier Application)

第九条 前条第一項の規定による優先権の主張の基とされたの出願は、その出願の日から一年三月を経過したり下げたものとなす。ただし、当該の出願が放棄され、り下げられ、若しくは却下されている場合、当該の出願について定若しくは審決が確定している場合、当該の出願について第十四条第二項に規定する定の登録がされている場合又は当該の出願に基づくすべての優先権の主張り下げられている場合には、この限りでない

Article 9 (1) An Earlier Application on which a priority claim is based under Article

8(1) shall be deemed to have been withdrawn when one year and three months has lapsed from the filing date of said Earlier Application; provided, however, that this shall not apply to the case where an Earlier Application has been waived, withdrawn or dismissed, where the examiner's decision or trial decision on an Earlier Application has become final and binding, where the registration

establishing a Utility Model Right under Article 14(2) with respect to an Earlier Application has been effected or where all priority claims based on an Earlier Application have been withdrawn.

2 前条第一項の規定による優先権の主張う実用新案登録出願の出願人は、の出願の日から一年三月を経過した後は、その主張り下げることができない

(2) The applicant of an application for a utility model registration containing a priority claim under Article 8(1) may not withdraw the priority claim after a

period of one year and three months has passed from the filing date of an Earlier

Application.

3 前条第一項の規定による優先権の主張う実用新案登録出願がの出願の日から一年三月以内にり下げられたときは、同に当該優先権の主張り下げられたものとなす

(3) Where the application for a utility model registration containing a priority claim under Article 8(1) is withdrawn within one year and three months from the filing date of an Earlier Application, the said priority claim shall be deemed withdrawn simultaneously.

(出願の変更

(Conversion of application)

第十条 特許出願人は、その特許出願(特許法第四十六条の二第一項の規定による実用新案登録に基づく特許出願(同法第四十四条第二項(同法第四十六条第五項において準用する場合を含む。)の規定により当該特許出願のにしたものとなされるものを含む。)を除く。)を実用新案登録出願に変更することができる。ただし、その特許出願について拒絶をすべきの最初の定の本の達があつた日から三十日を経過した後又はその特許出願の日から九年六月を経過した後は、この限りでない

Article 10 (1) An applicant for a patent may convert his/her application (excluding patent applications filed based on a utility model registration under Article 462(1) of the Patent Act (including patent applications deemed to have been filed at the time of filing of the original patent application under Article 44(2) of the said Act (including its mutatis mutandis application under Article 46(5) of the said Act))) into an application for a utility model registration; provided, however, that this shall not apply after the expiration of 30 days from the date the certified copy of the examiner's initial decision to the effect that the patent application is to be refused has been served or after the expiration of nine years and six months from the date of filing of the patent application.

2 意匠登録出願人は、その意匠登録出願(意匠法第十三条第五項において準用する同法第十条の二第二項の規定により特許法第四十六条の二第一項の規定による実用新案登録に基づく特許出願のにしたものとなされる意匠登録出願(意匠法第十条の二第二項の規定により当該意匠登録出願のにしたものとなされるものを含む。)を除く。)を実用新案登録出願に変更することができる。ただし、その意匠登録出願について拒絶をすべきの最初の定の本の達があつた日から三十日を経過した後又はその意匠登録出願の日から九年六月を経過した後は、この限りでない

(2) An applicant for a design registration may convert his/her application (excluding applications for a design registration deemed, under Article 102(2) of the Design Act as applied mutatis mutandis under Article 13(5) of the Design Act, to have been filed at the time of the original patent application which was filed based on an application for a utility model registration under Article 462(1) of the Patent

Act (including applications for a design registration deemed to have been filed at the time of filing of the original application for a design registration under Article 102(2) of the Design Act)) into an application for a utility model registration; provided, however, that this shall not apply after the expiration of 30 days from

the date the certified copy of the examiner's initial decision to the effect that the application for a design registration is to be refused has been served or after the expiration of nine years and six months from the date of filing of the application for a design registration.

3 前二項の規定による出願の変更があつたときは、その実用新案登録出願は、その特許出願又は意匠登録出願のにしたものとなす。ただし、その実用新案登録出願が第三条の二に規定する他の実用新案登録出願又は特許法第二十九条の二に規定する実用新案登録出願に該当する場合におけるこれらの規定の用、第八条第四項の規定のびに次条第一項において準用する同法第三十条第四項及び第四十三条第一項(次条第一項において準用する同法第四十三条の二第三項において準用する場合を含む。)の規定の用については、この限りでない

(3) Where an application is converted under the preceding two paragraphs, the application for a utility model registration shall be deemed to have been filed at the time of filing of the patent application or the application for a design

registration; provided, however, that this shall not apply for the purposes of application of Article 32 of this Act or Article 292 of the Patent Act where the application for a utility model registration falls under another application for a utility model registration prescribed in Article 32 of this Act or an application for

a utility model registration prescribed in Article 292 of the Patent Act, and Articles 30(4) and 43 (1) of the Patent Act (including mutatis mutandis application of Article 43(1) of the said Act under Article 432(3) of the said Act as applied mutatis mutandis under the Article 11(1)).

4 第一項又は第二項の規定による出願の変更をする場合における次条第一項において準用する特許法第四十三条第二項(次条第一項において準用する同法第四十三条の二第三項において準用する場合を含む。)の規定の用については、同法第四十三条第二項「最の日から一年四月以内」とあるのは、「最の日から一年四月又は実用新案法第十条第一項若しくは第二項の規定による出願の変更に係る実用新案登録出願の日から三月のいずれかい日まで」とする

(4) Where an application is converted under paragraph (1) or (2), for the purpose of application of Article 43(2) of the Patent Act as applied mutatis mutandis under Article 11(1) (including its mutatis mutandis application under Article 432(3) of

the Patent Act as applied mutatis mutandis under Article 11(1)), "within one year and four months from the earliest of the following dates" in Article 43(2) shall read "within one year and four months from the earliest of the following dates or three months from the date of filing of the application of a utility model

registration arising from the conversion of an application under Article 10(1) or

(2) of the Utility Model Act, whichever is later."

5 第一項又は第二項の規定による出願の変更があつたときは、その特許出願又は意匠登録出願は、り下げたものとなす

(5) Where an application is converted under paragraph (1) or (2), the patent application or the application for design registration shall be deemed to have been withdrawn.

 第一項ただし書に規定する三十日の期間は、特許法第四条の規定により同法第百二十一条第一項に規定する期間が長されたときは、その長された期間を限り、長されたものとなす

(6) Where the period as provided in Article 121(1) of the Patent Act is extended

under Article 4 of the said Act, the 30day period as provided in the proviso to paragraph (1) shall be deemed to have been extended only for that period as extended.

 第二項ただし書に規定する三十日の期間は、意匠法第六十八条第一項において準用する特許法第四条の規定により意匠法第四十六条第一項に規定する期間が長されたときは、その長された期間を限り、長されたものとなす

(7) Where the period as provided in Article 46(1) of the Design Act is extended under Article 4 of the Patent Act as applied mutatis mutandis under Article 68(1) of the Design Act, the 30day period as provided in the proviso to paragraph (2) shall be deemed to have been extended only for that period as extended.

 第一項に規定する出願の変更をする場合には、もとの特許出願について提出された書面又は書であつて、新たな実用新案登録出願について第八条第四項又は次条第一項において準用する特許法第三十条第四項若しくは第四十三条第一項及び第二項(次条第一項において準用する同法第四十三条の二第三項において準用する場合を含む。)の規定により提出しなければならないものは、当該新たな実用新案登録出願と同に特許庁長官に提出されたものとなす

(8) Where a conversion of an application is made under paragraph (1), any statements or documents which have been submitted in relation to the original patent application and are required to be submitted in relation to the new application for a utility model registration under Article 8(4) of this Act or Article 30(4) or 43(1) and (2) of the Patent Act as applied mutatis mutandis under Article 11(1) (including mutatis mutandis application of Article 43(1) and (2) of the Patent Act under Article 432(3) of the said Act as applied mutatis mutandis under the next Article (1)) shall be deemed to have been submitted to the

Commissioner of the Patent Office along with the new application for a utility model application.

 前項の規定は、第二項の規定による出願の変更の場合に準用する

(9) The preceding paragraph shall apply mutatis mutandis to a conversion of an application under paragraph (2).

(特許法の準用

(Application mutatis mutandis of provisions of the Patent Act)

第十一条 特許法第三十条(発明の新規喪失外)、第三十八条(同出願)、第四十三条から第四十四条まで(パリ条約による優先主張の手続等及び特許出願の分)の規定は、実用新案登録出願に準用する

Article 11 (1) Articles 30 (exception to lack of novelty of invention), 38 (joint applications), 43 to 44 (procedures for a priority claim under the Paris Convention and division of patent applications) of the Patent Act shall apply mutatis mutandis to applications for a utility model registration.

2 特許法第三十三条びに第三十四条第一項、第二項及び第四項から第七項まで(特許を受ける権利)の規定は、実用新案登録を受ける権利に準用する

(2) Article 33 and 34(1), (2) and (4) to (7) (right to obtain patent) of the Patent Act shall apply mutatis mutandis to the right to obtain a utility model registration.

3 特許法第三十五条(職務発明)の規定は、業者、法人の役員又は国務員若しくは方公務員がした考案に準用する

(3) Article 35 (Inventions by Employees) of the Patent Act shall apply mutatis mutandis to devices created by employees, officers of the juridical person, or national or local government employees.

第三章 実用新案技術評

Chapter III Utility Model Technical Opinion

(実用新案技術評価の請求

(Request for Utility Model Technical Opinion)

第十二条 実用新案登録出願又は実用新案登録については、人も、特許庁長官に、その実用新案登録出願に係る考案又は登録実用新案に関する技術的な評価であつて、第三条第一項第三号及び第二項(同号に掲げる考案に係るものに限る。)、第三条の二びに第七条第一項から第三項まで及び第七項の規定に係るもの(以下「実用新案技術評価」という。)を請求することができる。この場合において、二以上の請求項に係る実用新案登録出願又は実用新案登録については、請求項とに請求することができる

Article 12 (1) With regard to an application for a utility model registration or a utility model registration, any person may file with the Commissioner of the Patent Office a petition requesting a technical opinion as to the registrability of the device claimed in the application or of the registered utility model in the light of the provisions of Article 3(1)(iii) and (2) (limited to its application based on a

device falling under Article 3(1)(iii)), Article 32, and Article 7(1) to (3) and (7) (such opinion is hereinafter referred to as "Utility Model Technical Opinion"). Similarly, in respect of applications or registered utility models that contain two

or more claims, such a petition may be filed for each claim.

2 前項の規定による請求は、実用新案権の消滅後においても、することができる。ただし、実用新案登録無効審判により無効にされた後は、この限りでない

(2) A petition under the preceding paragraph may be filed even after the lapse of the utility model right; provided, however, that this shall not apply after the utility model right has been invalidated in a trial for invalidation of utility model registration.

3 前二項の規定にかかわらず、第一項の規定による請求は、その実用新案登録に基づいて特許法第四十六条の二第一項の規定による特許出願がされた後は、することができない

(3) Notwithstanding the preceding two paragraphs, a petition under paragraph (1) shall not be allowed after a patent application based on the utility model registration is filed under Article 462(1) of the Patent Act.

4 特許庁長官は、第一項の規定による請求があつたときは、審官にその請求に係る実用新案技術評価の報書(以下「実用新案技術評価書」という。)を作させなければならない

(4) Where a petition under paragraph (1) is filed, the Commissioner of the Patent Office shall direct an examiner to prepare a written report containing a Utility Model Technical Opinion (hereinafter referred to as "Report of Utility Model Technical Opinion").

5 特許法第四十七条第二項の規定は、実用新案技術評価書の作に準用する

(5) Article 47(2) of the Patent Act shall apply mutatis mutandis to preparation of Reports of Utility Model Technical Opinion.

 第一項の規定による請求は、り下げることができない

(6) A petition under paragraph (1) may not be withdrawn.

 実用新案登録出願人又は実用新案権者でない者から第一項の規定による請求があつた後に、その請求に係る実用新案登録(実用新案登録出願について同項の規定による請求があつた場合におけるその実用新案登録出願に係る実用新案登録を含む。)に基づいて特許法第四十六条の二第一項の規定による特許出願がされたときは、その請求は、されなかつたものとなす。この場合において、特許庁長官は、そのを請求人に通知しなければならない

(7) Where a petition under paragraph (1) was filed by a person who is neither the applicant of the application for a utility model registration nor the holder of

utility model right, and then, a patent application under Article 462(1) of the Patent Act is filed based on the utility model registration with regard to which the petition under paragraph (1) was filed (including the utility model

registration which has been granted based on the application for a utility model registration with regard to which the petition under paragraph (1) was filed), the petition shall be deemed not to have been filed. In this case, the Commissioner of the Patent Office shall notify thereof to the person who filed the petition.

第十三条 特許庁長官は、実用新案掲載公報の発行前に実用新案技術評価の請求があつたときは当該実用新案掲載公報の発行の又はその後遅滞なく、実用新案掲載公報の発行後に実用新案技術評価の請求があつたときはその後遅滞なく、そのを実用新案公報に掲載しなければならない

Article 13 (1) Where a petition requesting a Utility Model Technical Opinion is filed, in the case where such a petition is filed prior to issuance of the Utility Model Bulletin, the Commissioner of the Patent Office shall publish the fact thereof in a utility model bulletin either at the time of issuance of the said Utility Model Bulletin or thereafter without delay, and in the case where such a petition

is filed after issuance of the Utility Model Bulletin, without delay after issuance

of the Utility Model Bulletin.

2 特許庁長官は、実用新案登録出願人又は実用新案権者でない者から実用新案技術評価の請求があつたときは、そのを実用新案登録出願人又は実用新案権者に通知しなければならない

(2) Where a petition requesting a Utility Model Technical Opinion is filed by a person who is neither the applicant of the application for a utility model registration nor the holder of utility model right, the Commissioner of the Patent Office shall notify the applicant of the application for a utility model registration or the holder of utility model right thereof.

3 特許庁長官は、実用新案技術評価書の作がされたときは、その本を、請求人が実用新案登録出願人又は実用新案権者であるときは請求人に、請求人が実用新案登録出願人又は実用新案権者でないときは請求人及び実用新案登録出願人又は実用新案権者に達しなければならない

(3) Where a Report of Utility Model Technical Opinion is prepared, the Commissioner of the Patent Office shall serve its certified copy, in the case where the person who filed the petition is either the applicant of the application for a utility model registration or the holder of utility model right, to the person, and in the case where the person who filed the petition is neither the applicant of the application for a utility model registration nor the holder of utility model right, to the person and the applicant or the holder.

第四章 実用新案

Chapter IV Utility Model Rights

第一 実用新案

Section 1 Utility Model Rights

(実用新案権の定の登録

(Registration of establishment of a utility model right)

第十四条 実用新案権は、定の登録により発する

Article 14 (1) A utility model right shall become effective upon registration of its establishment.

2 実用新案登録出願があつたときは、その実用新案登録出願が放棄され、り下げられ、又は却下された場合を除き、実用新案権の定の登録をする

(2) When an application for a utility model registration has been filed, the establishment of a utility model right shall be registered, unless the application has been waived, withdrawn or dismissed.

3 前項の登録があつたときは、次に掲げる事項を実用新案公報に掲載しなければならない

(3) Where the registration under the preceding paragraph has been effected, the following matters shall be published in a utility model bulletin.

一 実用新案権者の名又は名及び住所又は

(i) the name, and the domicile or residence of the holder(s) of utility model right;

二 実用新案登録出願の号及び年月

(ii) the number and the filing date of the application for utility model registration;

三 考案者の名及び住所又は

(iii) the name, and the domicile or residence of the creator(s) of the device;

四 願書に添付した明細書及び実用新案登録請求の範囲に記載した事項びに図面の内

(iv) the matters stated in the description and scope of claims attached to the application and the